Gospel Harmony Project
Public Ministry of Jesus From 2nd to 3rd Passover
076:  Jesus' Mother and His Relatives Attempt to Meet With Him

077:  Teaching in Parables

But without a parable spake he not unto them: and when they were alone, he expounded all things to his disciples.. - Mark 4:34

Book
Matthew
Mark
Luke
John
 Passage
13:1-53
4:1-34
8:4-18
Not in this book
Lectionary
Proper 10A - 13:1-9, 18-23
Proper 11A - 13:24-30, 36-43
Proper 12A - 13:31-33, 44-49a
 Proper 6B - 4:26-34
 Not in the Lectionary
Text
1   The same day went Jesus out of the house, and sat by the sea side.
2   And great multitudes were gathered together unto him, so that he went into a ship, and sat; and the whole multitude stood on the shore.
3   And he spake many things unto them in parables, saying, Behold, a sower went forth to sow;
4   And when he sowed, some seeds fell by the way side, and the fowls came and devoured them up:
5   Some fell upon stony places, where they had not much earth: and forthwith they sprung up, because they had no deepness of earth:
6   And when the sun was up, they were scorched; and because they had no root, they withered away.
7   And some fell among thorns; and the thorns sprung up, and choked them:
8   But other fell into good ground, and brought forth fruit, some an hundredfold, some sixtyfold, some thirtyfold.
9   Who hath ears to hear, let him hear.
10   And the disciples came, and said unto him, Why speakest thou unto them in parables?
11   He answered and said unto them, Because it is given unto you to know the mysteries of the kingdom of heaven, but to them it is not given.
12   For whosoever hath, to him shall be given, and he shall have more abundance: but whosoever hath not, from him shall be taken away even that he hath.
13   Therefore speak I to them in parables: because they seeing see not; and hearing they hear not, neither do they understand.
14   And in them is fulfilled the prophecy of Esaias, which saith, By hearing ye shall hear, and shall not understand; and seeing ye shall see, and shall not perceive:
15   For this people's heart is waxed gross, and their ears are dull of hearing, and their eyes they have closed; lest at any time
they should see with their eyes and hear with their ears, and should understand with their heart, and should be converted, and I should heal them.
16   But blessed are your eyes, for they see: and your ears, for they hear.
17   For verily I say unto you, That many prophets and righteous men have desired to see those things which ye see, and have
not seen them; and to hear those things which ye hear, and have not heard them.
18   Hear ye therefore the parable of the sower.
19   When any one heareth the word of the kingdom, and understandeth it not, then cometh the wicked one, and catcheth away
that which was sown in his heart. This is he which received seed by the way side.
20   But he that received the seed into stony places, the same is he that heareth the word, and anon with joy receiveth it;
21   Yet hath he not root in himself, but dureth for a while: for when tribulation or persecution ariseth because of the word, by
and by he is offended.
22   He also that received seed among the thorns is he that heareth the word; and the care of this world, and the deceitfulness of
riches, choke the word, and he becometh unfruitful.
23   But he that received seed into the good ground is he that heareth the word, and understandeth it; which also beareth fruit, and bringeth forth, some an hundredfold, some sixty, some thirty.
24   Another parable put he forth unto them, saying, The kingdom of heaven is likened unto a man which sowed good seed in his field:
25   But while men slept, his enemy came and sowed tares among the wheat, and went his way.
26   But when the blade was sprung up, and brought forth fruit, then appeared the tares also.
27   So the servants of the householder came and said unto him, Sir, didst not thou sow good seed in thy field? from whence
then hath it tares?
28   He said unto them, An enemy hath done this. The servants said unto him, Wilt thou then that we go and gather them up?
29   But he said, Nay; lest while ye gather up the tares, ye root up also the wheat with them.
30   Let both grow together until the harvest: and in the time of harvest I will say to the reapers, Gather ye together first the
tares, and bind them in bundles to burn them: but gather the wheat into my barn.
31   Another parable put he forth unto them, saying, The kingdom of heaven is like to a grain of mustard seed, which a man took, and sowed in his field:
32   Which indeed is the least of all seeds: but when it is grown, it is the greatest among herbs, and becometh a tree, so that the birds of the air come and lodge in the branches thereof.
33   Another parable spake he unto them; The kingdom of heaven is like unto leaven, which a woman took, and hid in three measures of meal, till the whole was leavened.
34   All these things spake Jesus unto the multitude in parables; and without a parable spake he not unto them:
35   That it might be fulfilled which was spoken by the prophet, saying, I will open my mouth in parables; I will utter things which have been kept secret from the foundation of the world.
36   Then Jesus sent the multitude away, and went into the house: and his disciples came unto him, saying, Declare unto us the
parable of the tares of the field.
37   He answered and said unto them, He that soweth the good seed is the Son of man;
38   The field is the world; the good seed are the children of the kingdom; but the tares are the children of the wicked one;
39   The enemy that sowed them is the devil; the harvest is the end of the world; and the reapers are the angels.
40   As therefore the tares are gathered and burned in the fire; so shall it be in the end of this world.
41   The Son of man shall send forth his angels, and they shall gather out of his kingdom all things that offend, and them which do iniquity;
42   And shall cast them into a furnace of fire: there shall be wailing and gnashing of teeth.
43   Then shall the righteous shine forth as the sun in the kingdom of their Father. Who hath ears to hear, let him hear.
44   Again, the kingdom of heaven is like unto treasure hid in a field; the which when a man hath found, he hideth, and for joy thereof goeth and selleth all that he hath, and buyeth that field.
45   Again, the kingdom of heaven is like unto a merchant man, seeking goodly pearls:
46   Who, when he had found one pearl of great price, went and sold all that he had, and bought it.
47   Again, the kingdom of heaven is like unto a net, that was cast into the sea, and gathered of every kind:
48   Which, when it was full, they drew to shore, and sat down, and gathered the good into vessels, but cast the bad away.
49   So shall it be at the end of the world: the angels shall come forth, and sever the wicked from among the just,
50   And shall cast them into the furnace of fire: there shall be wailing and gnashing of teeth.
51   Jesus saith unto them, Have ye understood all these things? They say unto him, Yea, Lord.
52   Then said he unto them, Therefore every scribe which is instructed unto the kingdom of heaven is like unto a man that is an householder, which bringeth forth out of his treasure things new and old.
53   And it came to pass, that when Jesus had finished these parables, he departed thence.
1   And he began again to teach by the sea side: and there was gathered unto him a great multitude, so that he entered into a ship, and sat in the sea; and the whole multitude was by the sea on the land.
2   And he taught them many things by parables, and said unto them in his doctrine,
3   Hearken; Behold, there went out a sower to sow:
4   And it came to pass, as he sowed, some fell by the way side, and the fowls of the air came and devoured it up.
5   And some fell on stony ground, where it had not much earth; and immediately it sprang up, because it had no depth of earth:
6   But when the sun was up, it was scorched; and because it had no root, it withered away.
7   And some fell among thorns, and the thorns grew up, and choked it, and it yielded no fruit.
8   And other fell on good ground, and did yield fruit that sprang up and increased; and brought forth, some thirty, and some
sixty, and some an hundred.
9   And he said unto them, He that hath ears to hear, let him hear.
10   And when he was alone, they that were about him with the twelve asked of him the parable.
11   And he said unto them, Unto you it is given to know the mystery of the kingdom of God: but unto them that are without, all these things are done in parables:
12   That seeing they may see, and not perceive; and hearing they may hear, and not understand; lest at any time they should be converted, and their sins should be forgiven them.
13   And he said unto them, Know ye not this parable? and how then will ye know all parables?
14   The sower soweth the word.
15   And these are they by the way side, where the word is sown; but when they have heard, Satan cometh immediately, and taketh away the word that was sown in their hearts.
16   And these are they likewise which are sown on stony ground; who, when they have heard the word, immediately receive it with gladness;
17   And have no root in themselves, and so endure but for a time: afterward, when affliction or persecution ariseth for the word's sake, immediately they are offended.
18   And these are they which are sown among thorns; such as hear the word,
19   And the cares of this world, and the deceitfulness of riches, and the lusts of other things entering in, choke the word, and it becometh unfruitful.
20   And these are they which are sown on good ground; such as hear the word, and receive it, and bring forth fruit, some
thirtyfold, some sixty, and some an hundred.
21   And he said unto them, Is a candle brought to be put under a bushel, or under a bed? and not to be set on a candlestick?
22   For there is nothing hid, which shall not be manifested; neither was any thing kept secret, but that it should come abroad.
23   If any man have ears to hear, let him hear.
24   And he said unto them, Take heed what ye hear: with what measure ye mete, it shall be measured to you: and unto you that
hear shall more be given.
25   For he that hath, to him shall be given: and he that hath not, from him shall be taken even that which he hath.
26   And he said, So is the kingdom of God, as if a man should cast seed into the ground;
27   And should sleep, and rise night and day, and the seed should spring and grow up, he knoweth not how.
28   For the earth bringeth forth fruit of herself; first the blade, then the ear, after that the full corn in the ear.
29   But when the fruit is brought forth, immediately he putteth in the sickle, because the harvest is come.
30   And he said, Whereunto shall we liken the kingdom of God? or with what comparison shall we compare it?
31   It is like a grain of mustard seed, which, when it is sown in the earth, is less than all the seeds that be in the earth:
32   But when it is sown, it groweth up, and becometh greater than all herbs, and shooteth out great branches; so that the fowls of the air may lodge under the shadow of it.
33   And with many such parables spake he the word unto them, as they were able to hear it.
34   But without a parable spake he not unto them: and when they were alone, he expounded all things to his disciples.
4   And when much people were gathered together, and were come to him out of every city, he spake by a parable:
5   A sower went out to sow his seed: and as he sowed, some fell by the way side; and it was trodden down, and the fowls of
the air devoured it.
6   And some fell upon a rock; and as soon as it was sprung up, it withered away, because it lacked moisture.
7   And some fell among thorns; and the thorns sprang up with it, and choked it.
8   And other fell on good ground, and sprang up, and bare fruit an hundredfold. And when he had said these things, he cried,
He that hath ears to hear, let him hear.
9   And his disciples asked him, saying, What might this parable be?
10   And he said, Unto you it is given to know the mysteries of the kingdom of God: but to others in parables; that seeing they
might not see, and hearing they might not understand.
11   Now the parable is this: The seed is the word of God.
12   Those by the way side are they that hear; then cometh the devil, and taketh away the word out of their hearts, lest they
should believe and be saved.
13   They on the rock are they, which, when they hear, receive the word with joy; and these have no root, which for a while
believe, and in time of temptation fall away.
14   And that which fell among thorns are they, which, when they have heard, go forth, and are choked with cares and riches
and pleasures of this life, and bring no fruit to perfection.
15   But that on the good ground are they, which in an honest and good heart, having heard the word, keep it, and bring forth
fruit with patience.
16   No man, when he hath lighted a candle, covereth it with a vessel, or putteth it under a bed; but setteth it on a candlestick,
that they which enter in may see the light.
17   For nothing is secret, that shall not be made manifest; neither any thing hid, that shall not be known and come abroad.
18   Take heed therefore how ye hear: for whosoever hath, to him shall be given; and whosoever hath not, from him shall be
taken even that which he seemeth to have.
Manuscripts
Differences
  1.  
  1.  
Parallels
   
Time Frame  Autumn (About Sep-Oct) of 28 A.D. / 780 A.U.C, near the end of  his Third Journey,  about 1½ years into his public ministry (about half-way through his public ministry). 

 

The Eight Parables
 
Parable
Matthew
Mark
Luke
1 Sower 13:3-23
2 Wheat & Tares 13:24-30
3 Mustard Seed 13:31-32
4 Leaven 13:33
5 Hidden Treasure 13:44
6 Pearl of Great Price 13:45-46
7 Fish Net 13:47-49
8 Old and New Treasures 13:51-53    


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