066: Accusation Against the Cities
9A ( vss 25-27)
- Rebuke for being unrepentant
- It is observable he had never upbraided them
before. Indeed at first they received him with all gladness, Capernaum in
particular. John Wesley Notes
- That is, miserable art thou. For these are
not curses or imprecations, as has been commonly supposed; but a solemn,
compassionate declaration of the misery they were bringing on themselves.
Chorazin and Bethsaida were cities of Galilee, standing by the lake
Gennesareth. Tyre and Sidon were cities of Phenicia, lying on the sea shore.
The inhabitants of them were heathens. Lu 10:13. John
- It would be better to translate the
word, alas for thee, than woe
to thee. The former is an exclamation of pity; the latter a denunciation
of wrath. It is evident that our Lord used it in the former sense.
Adam Clark Commentary
- Cities in which most of His work had been done, against whom the
accusations are made:
- It is not known precisely where
Chorazin was situated; but as Christ joins it in the same censure with
Bethsaida, which was in Upper Galilee, beyond the sea, Mr 6:45, it is
likely that Chorazin was in the same quarter. Adam
- Bethsaida itself furnished not less
than three of the twelve apostles, Philip, Andrew, and Peter. See Joh
1:44. Adam Clark Commentary
- exalted unto heaven] A Hebrew metaphor,
expressive of the utmost prosperity, and the enjoyment of the greatest
privileges. This was properly spoken of this city, because that in it our
Lord dwelt, and wrought many of his miraculous works.
Adam Clark Commentary
- Comparison to other cities for whom the Day of Judgment will be more
- Tyre and Sidon were two heathen
cities, situated on the shore of the Mediterranean Sea, into which it does
not appear that Christ ever went, though he was often very nigh to them; see
Mt 15:21. Adam Clark Commentary
- Mighty works done in some cities who were unrepentant, but not in others
who would have repented.
- Sodom was destroyed on account of its
great wickedness. Christ says, if his miracles had been done there, they would
have repented, and consequently the city would not have been destroyed. As it
was, it would be better for Sodom in the day of judgment than for Capernaum,
for its inhabitants would not be called to answer for the abuse of so great
privileges. Albert Barnes Commentary
- More toleration in the Day of Judgment
- These solemn words teach: (1) That there will
be a day of judgment for all, cities, nations and men. (2) That men will be
judged according to their opportunities; that those who have had and neglected
opportunities will be held most guilty. (3) That there will be different
degrees of future punishment, according to guilt and opportunities; that those
whose opportunities have been greatest will receive the greater punishment, if
these are neglected. Every man will be judged and punished according to his
opportunities and works. The idea of a hell of the same severity for all the
unsaved is nowhere taught by Christ. People's New
- Jesus "answered"
- This word does not always imply, that
something had been spoken, to which an answer is now made. It often means no
more than the speaking in reference to some action or circumstance preceding.
The following words Christ speaks in reference to the case of the cities above
mentioned: John Wesley Notes
- Prayer of Jesus
- Thanks to the "Father, Lord of Heaven and earth"
- "because thou hast hid these things from the wise and prudent"
- "and hast revealed them unto babes"
- "so it seemed good in thy sight"
- Teaching of Jesus
- "All things are delivered unto me of my
- "no man knoweth the Son, but the Father"
- "neither knoweth any man the Father, save the
- "and he to whomsoever the Son will reveal
Outlines, & Commentaries
See also: 220.7
- Bible Commentaries; 251
- Homiletics; 252
- Sermon Texts