Gospel Harmony Project
Public Ministry of Jesus From 2nd to 3rd Passover
060:  Jesus Withdrew & Healed the Multitudes

062:  Sermon on the Mount

  

 

061:  Ordination of the Twelve

 
Book
Matthew
Mark
Luke
John
 Passage
10:1-4
3:13-19
6:12-19
---
Lectionary
Proper 6A
Not in Lectionary
 Epiphany 6C
Text
1 And when he had called unto him his twelve disciples, he gave them power against unclean spirits, to cast them out, and to heal all manner of sickness and all manner of disease.
2 Now the names of the twelve apostles are these; The first, Simon, who is called Peter, and Andrew his brother; James  the son of Zebedee, and John his brother;
3 Philip, and Bartholomew; Thomas, and Matthew the publican; James the son of Alphaeus, and Lebbaeus, whose surname was Thaddaeus;
4 Simon the Canaanite, and Judas Iscariot, who also betrayed him.
13 And he goeth up into a mountain, and calleth unto him whom he would: and they came unto him.
14 And he ordained twelve, that they should be with him, and that he might send them forth to preach,
15 And to have power to heal sicknesses, and to cast out devils:
16 And Simon he surnamed Peter;
17 And James the son of Zebedee, and John the brother of James; and he surnamed them Boanerges, which is, The sons of thunder:
18 And Andrew, and Philip, and Bartholomew, and Matthew, and Thomas, and James the son of Alphaeus, and Thaddaeus, and Simon the Canaanite,
19 And Judas Iscariot, which also betrayed him: and they went into an house.
12 And it came to pass in those days, that he went out into a mountain to pray, and continued all night in prayer to God.
13 And when it was day, he called unto him his disciples: and of them he chose twelve, whom also he named apostles;
14 Simon, (whom he also named Peter,) and Andrew his brother, James and John, Philip and Bartholomew,
15 Matthew and Thomas, James the son of Alphaeus, and Simon called Zelotes,
16 And Judas the brother of James, and Judas Iscariot, which also was the traitor.
17 And he came down with them, and stood in the plain, and the company of his disciples, and a great multitude of people out of all Judaea and Jerusalem, and from the sea coast of Tyre and Sidon, which came to hear him, and to be healed of their diseases;
18 And they that were vexed with unclean spirits: and they were healed.
19 And the whole multitude sought to touch him: for there went virtue out of him, and healed them all.

Issues

  1. Names of the Twelve Apostles
    1. Comparison of the Lists of the disciples in Matthew 10:2-4 with Mark 3:16-19 and Luke 6:14-16 shows that the gospel tradition has not preserved a uniform list of names.  - Interpreter's Commentary on the Bible, Matthew by Howard Clark Kee
    2. Table Showing List of Apostles (KJV) for Comparison
       

    Matthew 10:2-4:  

    1. Simon / Peter

    2. Andrew

    3. James son of Zebedee

    4. John, brother of James

    5. Philip

    6. Bartholomew

    7. Thomas

    8. Matthew

    9. James son of Alphaeus

    10. Lebbaeus / Thaddaeus

    11. Simon the Canaanite

    12. Judas Iscariot

    Mark 3:16-19: 

    1. Simon / Peter

    2. James son of Zebedee

    3. John, brother of James

    4. Andrew

    5. Philip

    6. Bartholomew

    7. Matthew

    8. Thomas

    9. James son of Alphaeus

    10. Thaddaeus

    11. Simon the Canaanite

    12. Judas Iscariot

    Luke 6:14-16: 

    1. Simon / Peter

    2. Andrew

    3. James

    4. John

    5. Philip

    6. Bartholomew

    7. Matthew

    8. Thomas

    9. James son of Alphaeus

    10. Simon / Zelotes

    11. Judas brother of James

    12. Judas Iscariot

     

  2. Calling

  3. Spiritual gift

  4. Ordained

    1. Number 12

      1. Twelve Tribes of Israel

      2. Twelve-tiered foundation of New Jerusalem

      3. Twelve gates of the City of New Jerusalem

      4. Replacement of Judas Iscariot by Matthias in Acts by drawing of lots

      5. Recognition of Paul as an Apostle

    2. Power to preach, heal, cast out demons

    3. In Acts, ordination extended by Apostles

      1. to Deacons by Apostles for service

      2. to Elders for preaching

      3. to Bishops for administration

    4. Apostolic Succession through the Bishops (Episcopacy)

      1. Line of St. Paul

      2. Roman Catholic Church

      3. Church of England

      4. United Methodist Church

        1.  "In ordination, the church affirms and continues the apostolic ministry through persons empowered by the Holy Spirit." (Book of Discipline paragraph 303)

        2. Question of whether John Wesley was ordained in the Greek Orthodox line by Erasmus of Arcadia

    5. Personal or Congregational Apostolic Succession

    6. United Methodist Clergy

      1. Ordination of the Methodist Preachers in America

        1. John Wesley's ordination of Thomas Coke

        2. Thomas Coke's ordination of Francis Asbury

      2. Bishops

      3. Deacons

      4. Elders

      5. Local Pastors

    7. Ministry of the Word, Sacrament and Order

 

 

 

 

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All Rights Reserved

Last Update:  03/06/2013 03:53 AM



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