Gospel Harmony Project
Public Ministry of Jesus From 2nd to 3rd Passover
056:  New Garments and New Wine
  

 057:  Plucking Corn on the Sabbath 
 

Book
Matthew
Mark
Luke
John
 Passage
12:1-8
2:23-28
6:1-5
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Lectionary
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Proper 4B
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Text
1 At that time Jesus went on the sabbath day through the corn; and his disciples were an hungred, and began to pluck the ears of corn and to eat.
2 But when the Pharisees saw it, they said unto him, Behold, thy disciples do that which is not lawful to do upon the sabbath day.
3 But he said unto them, Have ye not read what David did, when he was an hungred, and they that were with him;
4 How he entered into the house of God, and did eat the shewbread, which was not lawful for him to eat, neither for them which were with him, but only for the priests?
5 Or have ye not read in the law, how that on the sabbath days the priests in the temple profane the sabbath, and are blameless?
6 But I say unto you, That in this place is one greater than the temple.
7 But if ye had known what this meaneth, I will have mercy, and not sacrifice, ye would not have condemned the guiltless.
8 For the Son of man is Lord even of the sabbath day.
23 And it came to pass, that he went through the corn fields on the sabbath day; and his disciples began, as they went, to pluck the ears of corn.
24 And the Pharisees said unto him, Behold, why do they on the sabbath day that which is not lawful?
25 And he said unto them, Have ye never read what David did, when he had need, and was an hungred, he, and they that were with him?
26 How he went into the house of God in the days of Abiathar the high priest, and did eat the shewbread, which is not lawful to eat but for the priests, and gave also to them which were with him?
27 And he said unto them, The sabbath was made for man, and not man for the sabbath:
28 Therefore the Son of man is Lord also of the sabbath.
1 And it came to pass on the second sabbath after the first, that he went through the corn fields; and his disciples plucked the ears of corn, and did eat, rubbing them in their hands.
2 And certain of the Pharisees said unto them, Why do ye that which is not lawful to do on the sabbath days?
3 And Jesus answering them said, Have ye not read so much as this, what David did, when himself was an hungred, and  they which were with him;
4 How he went into the house of God, and did take and eat the shewbread, and gave also to them that were with him;  which it is not lawful to eat but for the priests alone?
5 And he said unto them, That the Son of man is Lord also of the sabbath.
Differences
  1. Or have ye not read in the law, how that on the sabbath days the priests in the temple profane the sabbath, and are blameless?
  2. in this place is one greater than the temple
  3. But if ye had known what this meaneth, I will have mercy, and not sacrifice, ye would not have condemned the guiltless.

 

  1. The sabbath was made for man, and not man for the sabbath:
  1. second sabbath after the first,
  2. rubbing them in their hands.

 

Issues

  1. Exodus 20:8-11
  2. Second Sabbath after the First (Luke 6:1)
    • The first of the seven sabbaths between Passover and Pentecost
    • Priestly liturgical observances mentioned in Leviticus 23:15,16; Deuteronomy 16:9,10 and others
    • Note the relationship between Passover and Easter
      • Passover begins the 14th day of Nisan, the first lunar month of the Jewish calendar (starting with a new crescent moon, placing the Passover at full moon)  
      • The Council of Nicea (325) set Easter Day as the first Sunday after the 14th day of the lunar month (full moon) that falls on or after the vernal equinox (Mar. 21), unless that full moon falls on a Sunday, in which case Easter is the following Sunday.
  3. "what David did"  (Matthew 12:3)
    • 1 Samuel 21:1-6
    • And necessity was a sufficient plea for his transgressing the law in a higher instance. John Wesley Notes
  4. "the priests in the temple profane the sabbath, and are blameless" (Matthew 12:5)
    • That is, do their ordinary work on this, as on a common day, cleansing all things, and preparing the sacrifices. 
      John Wesley Notes
    • When the priests do God's service on the sabbath day, they do not break the law: much less does the Lord of the Sabbath break the sabbath.  Geneva Bible Notes
  5. "in this place is one greater than the temple"  (Matthew 12:6)
    • If therefore the Sabbath must give way to the temple, much more must it give way to me.  John Wesley Notes
  6. "I will have mercy, and not sacrifice" (Matthew 12:7)
    • Event 055: Eating with Sinners at Matthew's House
    • Hosea 6:5-7
  7. "The sabbath was made for man, and not man for the sabbath"  (Mark 2:27)
    • And therefore must give way to man's necessity.  John Wesley Notes
    • That he might have the seventh part of his whole time to devote to the purposes of bodily rest and spiritual exercises.
       Adam Clarke Commentary
    • As the Sabbath was made for the whole human race, they have a right to its rest and privileges. This right does not come from men, but from God, and its exercise is essential to their present and future good.  Family Bible Notes
  8. " the Son of man is Lord also of the sabbath"  (Luke 6:5)
    • -This certainly implies, that the Sabbath was an institution of great and distinguished importance; it may perhaps also refer to that signal act of authority which Christ afterward exerted over it, in changing it from the seventh to the first day of the week.  John Wesley Notes
    • -In what sense now is the Son of man Lord of the sabbath day? Not surely to abolish it--that surely were a strange lordship, especially just after saying that it was made or instituted for MAN--but to own it, to interpret it, to preside over it, and to ennoble it, by merging it in the "Lord's Day" (Re 1:10), breathing into it an air of liberty and love necessarily unknown before, and thus making it the nearest resemblance to the eternal sabbatism.  Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary
    •  Because the Sabbath is made for humanity, the Lord of humanity is the Lord of the Sabbath. Observe, is the Lord of the Sabbath. He does not, then, abolish it, but has the right to make any change in it, in the interest of mankind, that seems to him wise. Neither Moses, nor any other mortal, ever claimed to be Lord of the Sabbath. This is a declaration of Divinity. People's New Testament Commentary

 

 

 

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"... the Son of man is Lord also of the sabbath."  Mark 2:28
  1. God's laws were established to help people.
    1. Nullify
    2. Hurt
    3. Help
  2. How are we using the Law of God?

 
 
 

 

 

 

 

 

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