[1 And he entered into a ship,
and passed over, and came into his own city.]
2 And, behold, they brought
to him a man sick of the palsy, lying on a bed: and Jesus seeing their
faith said unto the sick of the palsy; Son, be of good cheer; thy sins
be forgiven thee.
3 And, behold, certain of
the scribes said within themselves, This man blasphemeth.
4 And Jesus knowing their
thoughts said, Wherefore think ye evil in your hearts?
5 For whether is easier,
to say, Thy sins be forgiven thee; or to say, Arise, and walk?
6 But that ye may know that
the Son of man hath power on earth to forgive sins, (then saith he to the
sick of the palsy,) Arise, take up thy bed, and
go unto thine house.
7 And he arose, and departed
to his house.
8 But when the multitudes
saw it, they marvelled, and glorified God, which had given such power unto
[1 And again he entered into
Capernaum after some days; and it was noised that he was in the house.]
2 And straightway many were
gathered together, insomuch that there was no room to receive them, no,
not so much as about the door: and he preached the word unto them.
3 And they come unto him,
bringing one sick of the palsy, which was borne of four.
4 And when they could not
come nigh unto him for the press, they uncovered the roof where he was:
and when they had broken it up, they let down the bed wherein the sick
of the palsy lay.
5 When Jesus saw their faith,
he said unto the sick of the palsy, Son, thy sins be forgiven thee.
6 But there was certain
of the scribes sitting there, and reasoning in their hearts,
7 Why doth this man thus
speak blasphemies? who can forgive sins but God only?
8 And immediately when Jesus
perceived in his spirit that they so reasoned within themselves, he said
unto them, Why reason ye these things in your hearts?
9 Whether is it easier to
say to the sick of the palsy, Thy sins be forgiven thee; or to say, Arise,
and take up thy bed, and walk?
10 But that ye may know
that the Son of man hath power on earth to forgive sins, (he saith to the
sick of the palsy,)
11 I say unto thee, Arise,
and take up thy bed, and go thy way into thine house.
12 And immediately he arose,
took up the bed, and went forth before them all; insomuch that they were
all amazed, and glorified God, saying, We never saw it on this fashion.
17 And it came to pass on
a certain day, as he was teaching, that there were Pharisees and doctors
of the law sitting by, which were come out of every town of Galilee,
and Judaea, and Jerusalem: and the power of the Lord was present to heal
18 And, behold, men brought
in a bed a man which was taken with a palsy: and they sought means to bring
him in, and to lay him before him.
19 And when they could not
find by what way they might bring him in because of the multitude, they
went upon the housetop, and let him down through the tiling with his couch
into the midst before Jesus.
20 And when he saw their
faith, he said unto him, Man, thy sins are forgiven thee.
21 And the scribes and the
Pharisees began to reason, saying, Who is this which speaketh blasphemies?
Who can forgive sins, but God alone?
22 But when Jesus perceived
their thoughts, he answering said unto them, What reason ye in your hearts?
23 Whether is easier, to
say, Thy sins be forgiven thee; or to say, Rise up and walk?
24 But that ye may know
that the Son of man hath power upon earth to forgive sins, (he said unto
the sick of the palsy,) I say unto thee, Arise, and take up thy couch,
and go into thine house.
25 And immediately he rose
up before them, and took up that whereon he lay, and departed to his own
house, glorifying God.
26 And they were all amazed,
and they glorified God, and were filled with fear, saying, We have seen
strange things to day.
For now, combine with [Event 051: Return to Capernaum, Mt 9:1 & Mk 2:1
Matthew places this event several events after the Sermon on the Mount
Healing the Gadarene Demoniac]),
as does Throckmorton. Stevens & Burton, Robertson, and Tatian (Di
7:14-24) place it in this location, as do Mark and Luke.
Withdrawal to pray in the wildnerness
after the healing of the leper, and return to Capernaum by ship.
Power of the Lord present to heal / with
Him to heal / was for healing (see mss note for Luke 5:17)
present to judge the teachings and actions of Jesus
"They sat by as
spectators, censors, and spies, to pick up something on which to ground a
reproach or accusation." Matthew Henry
Doctors of the Law
(Luke 5:17) -- teachers with advanced knowledge and skill in the law
Scribes (Mt 9:3, Mk
2:6, Lk 5:21) -- learned readers and writers. Scribes were experts in
the textual content of Scripture and other documents, the meaning of words,
interpretations of statements, transcribers, and lawyers.
Pharisees (Lk 5:17,
prushim separated for a life of purity
2nd Temple Era (536
BC - 70 AD) Pietistic political movement emphasizing strict adherence to the
Law of Moses
Rabbinic Judaism producing contemporary forms of traditional Judaism
Talmud -- Rabbinic
teachings on interpretation and practice of the Law of Moses. Composed
of two parts, the Mishnah, (record of Jewish Oral Law, 200 AD), and the
Gamara (commentary on the Mishnah and other writings, 500 AD)
Sick of the palsy (Lk
5:18 uses hos ên paralelumenos - paralyzed)
Four friends who
brought the sick man and lowered him through the roof
Forgiveness of sins:
power to forgive, and its linkage to healing (see James 5:14-16)
See Isaiah 43:25;
44:22; Daniel 9:9 for basis of Jewish belief that only God can forgive
See John 20:21-23,
Matthew 6:12-15 for examples of Jesus teaching that we all must forgive sins
Le 24:16; Mt
26:65; Joh 10:33; Ac 6:11-13
the Holy Ghost, Matthew 12:31-32
"It is neither more nor less than the ascribing those miracles to the
power of the devil, which Christ wrought by the power of the Holy Ghost."
Response of the
crowd: amazed, marvelled, glorified God, filled with fear,
"Which had given
such power unto men" Mt. 9:8
"We never saw it on
this fashion." Mk 2:12
"We have seen
strange things today." Lk 5:26