LivingWeb Library >> Projects >> Gospel Harmony  >>    Public Ministry, 1st to 2nd Passover   >> Woman at the Well >>  Current Week
Jesus Leaves Judea to Dwell in Capernaum

035:  Woman at the Well in Samaria

Matthew
Mark
Luke
John
Syriac
Not in this book
Not in this book
Not in this book
4:4-42
21:8-34
3rd Sunday in Lent,  A

 
Quotes & Notes
  • Time Frame:  Probably in December in the year 27
    • (Some Bible historians place the event during the final journey to Jerusalem) 
    • Enroute to Capernaum to settle for about one year of ministry
    • Traveled up the West side of the Jordan River, through Samaria
      • Samaria was the western area of Israel between Judea and the Mediterranean Sea
  • Sychar is about 40 miles northeast of Jerusalem
    • Poss. sychar means sepulcher
    • Also known as Shechem and as Nablous
    • In a vale between the mountain ranges of Ebal on the north and Gerizim on the south
      • Gerizim was the location of the Samaritan temple
    • Spot where Abraham settled when he first arrived 
    • First capital of the tribes 
    • Area that Jacob gave to Joseph
    • Near Bethel, where Jacob wrestled with the angel
    • Location of 
      • Joseph's tomb
      • Samaritan temple
      • Jacob's Well
  • Bitter schism between the Jews and Samaritans
    • Reflected in John 4:9, Matthew 10:5, Luke 9:51-56
    • Traced to the time of Nehemiah (5th cent bc)  see Nehemiah 4
      • In 446 BC Persian king allowed some of those who had survived the captivity to return to Jerusalem and begin rebuilding the city walls under the leadership of Nehemiah, who had risen to high office in the Persian government (Iraq)
      • Sanballat, gov. of Samaria was opposed to the rebuilding of Jerusalem and mocked them
      • Plotted to fight and stop the work, but Nehemiah set up deterrent security 
    • Samaritan Temple at Gerizim dates to after their revolt against Alexander the Great in 331 BC
      • Inter-testamental period (approx 400 year period before Christ, after Ezra, per closing of the Hebrew Canon by the Jews in 90 after the destruction of Jerusalem)
      • Faithful Samaritans moved to Shechem because of the ancient traditions surrounding:
        • Patriarchs Jacob & Joseph (Genesis 33:18-20;  48:22;  Joshua 24:32)
        • Establishment of the Northern Kingdom of Israel  (1 Kings 12:1-25)
      • Maccabean ruler John Hyrcanus128 BC destroyed the Samaritan Temple
      • Romans took control of Palestine in 63-64 BC & restored independent religious customs
      •  


 

Updated:   Wednesday, March 06, 2013 at 03:52 AM

 

 

Status of Gospel Harmony Project

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  • Section groupings are complete until linking to individual event pages is finished

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