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Discussion with Nicodemus



Jesus  in  Judea


After these things came Jesus and his disciples into the land of Judaea; and there he tarried with them, and baptized.
  John 3:22










April of 27





Quotes & Notes on:    John 3:22  

  • John Wesley's Notes:
    Jesus went-From the capital city, Jerusalem, into the land of Judea-That is, into the country.

    There he baptized-Not himself; but his disciples by his order, John 4:2.

  • Treasury of Scripture Knowledge:

    * these. John 2:13; 4:3; 7:3
    * and baptized. John 3:26; 4:1,2

  • Adam Clarke's Commentary:

     Came-into the land of Judea] Jerusalem itself, where Christ held the preceding discourse with Nicodemus, was in Judea; but the evangelist means that our Lord quitted the city and its suburbs, and went into the country parts. The same distinction between Jerusalem and Judea is made, Ac 1:8; 10:39; and in 1 Macc. 3:34; and in 2 Macc. 1:1, 10. See Bp. Pearce.

    And baptized.] It is not clear that Christ did baptize any with water, but his disciples did-John 4:2; and what they did, by his authority and command, is attributed to himself. It is a common custom, in all countries and in all languages, to attribute the operations of those who are under the government and direction of another to him by whom they are directed and governed. Some however suppose that Christ at first did baptize; but, when he got disciples, he left this work to them: and thus these two places are to be understood:-1. this place, of Christ's baptizing before he called the twelve disciples; and 2. John 4:2, of the baptism administered by the disciples, after they had been called to the work by Christ.

  • Family Bible Notes:

    Baptized; not personally, but through is disciples, John 4:2.

  • 1599 Geneva Bible Notes:
    (No comment on this verse)

  • People's New Testament Commentary:

      Came into the land of Judea. Left Jerusalem and went into the country districts.

    Tarried . . . and baptized. The first intimation that Jesus administered the baptismal rite. He did it through his disciples (John 4:2).

  • Robertson's Word Pictures:
     After these things (meta tauta). Transition after the interview with Nicodemus. For the phrase see John 5:1; 6:1; 7:1. Into the land of Judea (eis tn Ioudaian gn). Into the country districts outside of Jerusalem. The only example of this phrase in the N.T., but "the region of Judea" (h Ioudaia chra) in Mr 1:5. He tarried (dietriben). Descriptive imperfect active of diatrib, old verb to rub between or hard, to spend time (Ac 14:3). Baptized (ebaptizen). Imperfect active of baptiz. "He was baptizing." The six disciples were with him and in John 4:2 John explains that Jesus did the baptizing through the disciples.

  • Albert Barnes' Commentary:

     Land of Judea. The region round about Jerusalem.

    And baptized. Jesus did not himself administer the ordinance of baptism, but his disciples did it by his direction and authority, John 4:2.

    {u} "and baptized" John 4:2


  • Jamieson-Faussett Brown:

     land of Judea--the rural parts of that province, the foregoing conversation being held in the capital.

    baptized--in the sense explained in John 4:2.

  • Spurgeon Commentary:

    (No comment on this verse)

  • William Burkitt's Notes:

    Our blessed Saviour having now finished his excellent sermon, preached to Nicodemus at Jerusalem, he departs thence with his disciples into the country of Judea, to make proselytes by the ordinance of Baptism.

    Where note, 1. Our Lord's unwearied diligence in doing his Father's work and will. He goes from place to place, from city to country, preaching with, and baptizing by, his disciples; for Jesus himself baptized not, but his disciples, John 4:2

    Note, 2. That the enjoyment of Christ's bodily presence did not take away the use of his own ordinances. None are above ordinances, till they come to heaven. The ordinance of baptism is here administered by the disciples, even in the presence of Christ himself. This is called the baptism of repentance, of which children, as well as others, were capable subjects; because baptsim doth not require children's repentance at present, but engages them to repentance for time to come; as children that were circumcised were obliged to observe the whole law, but could not perform it till they came to understand it.

    Note, 3. How John did go on with his work of baptizing, though Christ and his disciples did eclipse and obscure him; though the people now flocked after Christ, All men came unto him, ver 26. yet John kept to his duty. 'Tis the duty of God's ministers to continue in their diligence, and go on with their work, when God raises up others about them of greater parts and better success.

    O! the admirable humility of that minister, who can say with John the Baptist, Let another increase, though I decrease.

  • Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary:

    John was fully satisfied with the place and work assigned him; but Jesus came on a more important work. He also knew that Jesus would increase in honour and influence, for of his government and peace there would be no end, while he himself would be less followed. John knew that Jesus came from heaven as the Son of God, while he was a sinful, mortal man, who could only speak about the more plain subjects of religion. The words of Jesus were the words of God; he had the Spirit, not by measure, as the prophets, but in all fulness. Everlasting life could only be had by faith in Him, and might be thus obtained; whereas all those, who believe not in the Son of God, cannot partake of salvation, but the wrath of God for ever rests upon them.

  • The Fourfold Gospel:

    After these things came Jesus and his disciples into the land of Judaea. That is, he left Jerusalem, the capital of Judaea, and went into the rural districts thereof. We find him there again in John 11 and Luke 13-18. He gained disciples there, but of them we know but few, such as Mary, Martha, Lazarus, Simeon, and Judas Iscariot.

    And there he tarried with them. It is not stated how long he tarried, but it may have been from April to December, for the passover was in April, and December was "yet four months" before the harvest (John 4:35).

    And baptized. This baptism was not into the three names of God (John 7:39), into which the apostles were afterwards directed to baptize (Mt 28:19). It was a continuation of John's baptism, preparatory to the organization of the church--a preparation for the kingdom. Some think that Jesus, at this time, baptized in his own name, and afterwards gave the full baptismal formula into the other two names--Father and Spirit. But there is no evidence of this, and Christian baptism is a baptism into the death of Christ (Ro 6:3). Christ would hardly have ordered baptism into his death before his crucifixion. Such a proceeding would have wrought confusion.





Updated:   Wednesday, March 06, 2013 at 03:52 AM



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