Quotes & Notes on:
John Wesley's Notes:
He answereth-It is not properly John, but the Holy Ghost, who
teaches us in the following answers, how to come ourselves, and how to
instruct other penitent sinners to come to Christ, that he may give them
rest. The sum of all this is, Cease to do evil, learn to do well. These
are the fruits worthy of repentance.
Treasury of Scripture Knowledge:
* What. Lu 3:8; Ac 2:37; 9:6; 16:30
Adam Clarke's Commentary:
What shall we do then?] The preaching of the Baptist had been
accompanied with an uncommon effusion of that Spirit which convinces of
sin, righteousness, and judgment. The people who heard him now earnestly
begin to inquire what they must do to be saved? They are conscious that
they are exposed to the judgments of the Lord, and they wish to escape
from the coming wrath.
Family Bible Notes:
What shall we do? that is, in order to bring forth fruits worthy of
repentance. Verse Lu 3:8. He enjoins upon each class of his hearers
repentance, and the fruits of repentance appropriate to their condition
in life. That repentance which is unto life, leads men to desire a
knowledge of their duty for the purpose of performing it, to break off
their sins, and to engage in doing good, as they have opportunity, to
the bodies and souls of men.
1599 Geneva Bible Notes:
(No comments on this verse).
People's New Testament Commentary:
What shall we do? Note, (1) Those that are baptized must be
taught; and those who have baptized them are concerned, as they have
opportunity, to teach them (Mt 28:19,20). (2) In John's answer we have
his moral system. His morality differs from that of the Lord, inasmuch
as the former lays more stress upon the regulation of the external
conduct, while Jesus lays more upon that of the inner life.
Robertson's Word Pictures:
Asked (epêrôtôn). Imperfect tense, repeatedly asked.
What then must we do? (ti oun poiêsômen;). Deliberative aorist
subjunctive. More exactly, What then are we to do, What then shall we
do? Same construction in verses Lu 3:12,14. The oun refers to the severe
things already said by John (Lu 3:7-9).
Albert Barnes' Commentary:
What shall we do, then? John had told them to bring forth fruits
appropriate to repentance, or to lead a life which showed that their
repentance was genuine. They very properly, therefore, asked how it
should be done, or what would be such a life.
What shall we do then?--to show the sincerity of our repentance.
(Also see on JFB for Mt 3:10.)
(No comments on this verse).
William Burkitt's Notes:
The Baptist having pressed his hearers to bring forth fruits meet for
repentance, here they enquire of him what fruits they should bring
forth? He tells first the fruits of charity and mercy: He that hath two
coats, let him give to him that hath none. This is not to be understood
strictly, as if the command required us to give the clothes off our back
to every one that wanted them. But it directs those that have the things
of this life in abundance, to distribute and communicate to those that
are in want.
Learn hence, that an extensive liberality, and a diffusive charity in
distributing such things as we can well spare towards the relief of
others' necessities, is an excellent fruit of repentance, and a good
proof and evidence of the truth and sincerity of it. Let him that hath
two coats impart to him that hath none.
Note, that the Baptist here doth not make it unlawful for a man to have
two coats, but means only, that he that has one coat which his brother
wants, and he at present doth not, should rather give it him, than
suffer him to be in want of it.
Teaching us, that it is not lawful to abound in those things which our
brother wants, when we have sufficient both to relieve his and our
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary:
(No comment on this verse)
The Fourfold Gospel:
What then must we do? This is the cry of the awakened conscience (Ac
2:37; 16:30; 22:10). John answered it by recommending them to do the
very reverse of what they were doing, which, in their case, was true
fruit of repentance.